2 edition of dynamic model of stage-discharge relations affected by changing discharge found in the catalog.
dynamic model of stage-discharge relations affected by changing discharge
D. L. Fread
by U.S. Dept. of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service in Silver Spring, Md
Written in English
|Series||NOAA technical memorandum NWS HYDRO -- 16.|
|Contributions||United States. National Weather Service.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||53 p. in various pagings :|
|Number of Pages||53|
Kurt Lewin, "Frontiers of Group Dynamics", Human Relations, Volume 1, pp. (I added the emphasis). Lewin's concern is about reinforcing the change and ensuring that the desired change is accepted and maintained into the future. Discharge data are traditionally derived from measures of watersurface levels using stage-discharge relationships. Astage-discharge relation is obtained from direct dischargemeasurements for a set of water surface levels by fitting anempirical relationship to the data set. Since discharge measuresare made only for low flow conditions, the historicalstage-discharge relationships can give rise Cited by:
The discharge of a river is the volume rate of flow past a given cross section, measured in cubic feet per second, cfs (cusecs) or cubic meters per second, m3/s (cumecs). It’s not nearly as easy to measure discharge as it is to measure stage. Conceptual Model for Hospital Discharge Preparation A definition of the term “discharge preparation” was synthesized from review of the literature as the meta-term for multiple care processes whereby the patient, family, and receiving care providers become ready for the discharge and management of health needs in a subsequent care sunshinesteaming.com by:
Both the stage and the discharge of a stream vary most of the time and, in order to obtain a continuous record of discharge, the stage is recorded and the discharge computed from a correlation of stage and discharge. This correlation, or calibration, is known as the stage-discharge relation. A final compression stage discharge pressure of bar is used according to KEPCO/MHI application , where CO 2 is at its supercritical/dense phase, and remains so at all temperatures. A molecular sieve removes water and ensures a % final CO 2 concentration.
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A mathematical model is developed to simulate the dynamic relationship which exists betv:een stage and discharge when the energy slope is variable due to the effects of changing discharge. The model enables either stage or discharge to be computed if Cited by: 5. Get this from a library.
A dynamic model of stage-discharge relations affected by changing discharge. [D L Fread; United States. National Weather Service.]. Discharge series from a traditional stage-discharge relation did not capture the overall discharge dynamics, as inferred from H-ADCP data.
For a specific river stage, the discharge range could be as high as m3 s−1>, which is. A consequence of not having measured stage – discharge values at high stage levels, is that the stage – discharge relationship has to be extrapolated beyond the last stage – discharge measurement, which can introduce large uncertainty and possible systematic bias in the discharge values (Shao et al., ).Cited by: 4.
Setting up such relationships is often infeasible using traditional regression techniques. Two case studies are examined that show hystereses using various approaches, namely (1) single rating curves, (2) rating curves with dynamic correction, (3) artificial neural networks (ANN) and (4) M5′ model sunshinesteaming.com by: The mathematical model can be used in river forecasting to convert the forecast discharge hydrograph into a stage hydrograph which properly reflects the unique dynamic stage-discharge relationship.
Aug 26, · The dynamic relationship between stage and discharge, which is unique to a particular selected station along the river, can be determined via mathematical relationships. Introduction Hydrologists, watershed managers are often interested in estimating stream discharge.
Jul 07, · This study proposes a new formulation technique for modeling stage–discharge relationship, as an alternative approach to standard regression techniques. Dynamic model of stage-discharge relations affected by changing discharge book explicit neural network formulation (ENNF) is derived by using data obtained from United States Geological Survey data base.
The neural network model is trained and tested using time series of daily stage and discharge data Cited by: 9. The dynamic relationship between stage and discharge which is unique to a particular flood for a selected station along the river can be determined via a mathematical model based on the complete one-dimensional equations of unsteady flow, i.e., the equations for the conservation of mass and momentum of the flood wave, and the Manning equation which.
Development of discharge-stage curves affected by hysteresis using time varying models, model trees and neural networks Article in Environmental Modelling and Software – · May The stage-discharge curve is a traditional method but it has limited applicability because of the loop form characteristics, which are caused by a tidal river, the backwater effect, and the sudden.
The calibration, therefore, cannot be carried out once and for all, but has to be repeated as frequently as required by the rate of change in the stage-discharge relation. It is, therefore, the stability of the stage-discharge relation that governs the number of discharge measurements that are necessary to define the relation at any sunshinesteaming.com by: A Dynamic Model of Stage-Discharge Relations Affected by Changing Discharge: National Weather Service River Forecast System - Snow Accumulation and Ablation Model: Numerical Properties of Implicit Four-Point Finite Difference Equations of Unsteady Flow: Storm Tide Frequency Analysis for the Coast of Georgia.
Forecasting wastewater discharge is the basis for wastewater treatment and policy formulation. This paper proposes a novel mixed-data sampling regression model, i.e., combination-MIDAS model to forecast quarterly wastewater emissions in China based on dynamic factors at different sunshinesteaming.com: Lili Ding, Zhanlei Lv, Meng Han, Xin Zhao, Wei Wang.
The model enables either stage or discharge to be computed if the other is specified (measured or predicted) and the channel slope, cross-sectional area and roughness properties are known.
The model is tested on several stage discharge relations, which are influenced significantly by changing discharge, and found to provide excellent results. In order to convert water height (or “stage”, usually expressed as feet) into a volume of water (or “discharge”, usually expressed as cubic feet per second), USGS hydrographers must establish a relationship between them.
This stage-discharge relationship is called a rating curve. It’s developed by making frequent direct discharge measurements at stream gaging stations. Jul 18, · Concentration‐discharge (c‐Q) relations have been used to infer watershed‐scale processes governing solute fluxes.
Prior studies have documented inconsistent concentration‐discharge patterns at the storm‐event scale driven by changes in end‐member sunshinesteaming.com by: A mathematical model is developed to simulate the dynamic relationship which exists betv:een stage and discharge when the energy slope is variable due to the effects of changing discharge.
The model enables either stage or discharge to be computed if the other is specified (measured or predicted) and the channel slope, cross-sectional area and roughness properties are sunshinesteaming.com by: How does rapidly changing discharge during storm events affect transient storage and channel water balance in a headwater mountain stream.
the gauge is calibrated using an unknown set of velocity rod measurements collected in the s that established the stage‐discharge we developed a new conceptual model for the dynamics of.
Chapter 14 Stage Discharge Relations Introduction In planning and evaluating aspects of watershed protection, it is necessary for U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) hydrologists and engineers to develop stage discharge curves at selected locations on natural streams.
Aug 17, ·  A method for calculating stage‐discharge relations (rating curves) in gravel bedded streams is presented and applied to five reaches at U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) gaging stations.
The approach, which builds on the work of Kean and Smith (), uses a fluid‐mechanically based model to convert measurements of stage into flow and boundary shear stress fields as appropriate for Cited by: Mar 03, · Determining discharge from stage requires defining the stage-discharge relationship by measuring discharge at a wide range of river stages.
The discharge measurement Discharge is the volume of water moving down a stream or river per unit of time, commonly expressed in cubic feet per second or gallons per day.Stage-discharge relations.
Stage-discharge relations (ratings) are usually developed from a graphical analysis of current-meter discharge measurements (sometimes called calibrations) made over a range of stages and sunshinesteaming.comements are made on various schedules and for different purposes.
Each measurement is carefully made, and undergoes quality assurance review.